Often the first steps in trying to change policies and institutions are to scope out current situations and opportunities and from this information to plan a course of action. The kinds of skills and tools needed here include:
- Acquiring and using good information on policy, stakeholders, law and markets
- Overcoming internal barriers to empowerment e.g. develop confidence
- Understanding the motives and language of the powerful
- Creating awareness and shared vision within an interest group
- Prioritising and strategising for effective change
Keywords : information, analyse, learn, awareness, vision, strategy, consciousness, language, knowledge
List of Tools:
Community trade-offs assessment
Activities for communities to assess different development options in terms of local worldviews and aspirations, based on experience in Guyana.
Description, analysis and communication of how a given family organises labour and other assets, based on experience in Mali.
Overview of what is involved in improving policies and institutions for the benefit of poor people, based on international experience.
Stakeholder influence mapping
Method to examine and visually display the changing policy influence of various social groups, based on experience in Costa Rica, UK and Kenya.
Stakeholder power analysis
Techniques for understanding stakeholder relationships and capacity for change, based on international experience.
The four Rs
Framework to clarify and negotiate respective stakeholder roles, based on experience in Zambia and Cameroon.
Writing style: political implications
Approach and checklist to analyse how pieces of writing challenge or support inequalities, based on experience in Zimbabwe.